博文記錄
教程分享 2022-02-02 17:10:26 374 0

整理记录一些 DW33D 刷 Openwrt 的 Nand 固件教程,主要内容来源于恩山论坛,加上一些文字歧义的修正与实践记录。

背景知识

  • dw33d内部有几个存储空间(可理解为硬盘),SPI-NOR(16M)、 NAND(128M)、 TF卡(16G)。

  • 原厂固件是在NOR上的,一些旧版(lede 17.x)也是设计刷到NOR上,这类固件称为(ath1x)。BREED默认也是刷到NOR,启动也是NOR。

  • 后来openwrt把dw33d纳入官方支持时候,改成使用NAND作为固件区域,这类称为(ath79),或者nand固件。

  • 旧版固件虽然刷入简单(可以Breed WEB页面直刷),但是可用空间非常有限。

  • nand固件的刷入较为复杂,但是有足够大的存储空间(可用空间70M+),可以安装很多可选插件。

  • Breed虽然在dw33d上工作不完美,但是还是比u-boot简化一丢丢。

  • 刷机方法可以是u-boot,连接TTL线操作;也可以不拆外壳,telnet操作;

帖子导航

简介解释

Breed刷Nand看起来很复杂,其实总共3个步骤:

  • Breed设置环境变量

  • PC开启http服务器

  • Breed Telnet下载并写入固件。

1.Breed设置环境变量

无论你是通过什么方法刷的Breed,现在需要开机长按 reset 进入breed

然后通过 putty 或者系统任意支持 telnet 客户端的方式连接到路由器上

telnet 192.168.1.1

在 telnet 中:执行修改环境变量配置的起始地址和大小

envconf 0x6000000 0x20000

你也可以在web,这个页面看到当前的配置

http://192.168.1.1/envconf.html

修改完毕后,记得重启

reset

2.开启HTTP服务器

教程里推荐使用的是 MyWebServer

在此你可以使用任意方式将本地电脑开启一个HTTP服务器,并将文件丢到网站根目录。

我这里使用的是PHP开启的 web 服务器:

php -S 0.0.0.0:9991

确保路由器可以通过 wget 连接到你的电脑,你可以在虚拟机或者现有正常的路由器进行测试。

wget http://你的电脑IP:端口/openwrt-ath79-nand-domywifi_dw33d-squashfs-factory.bin

无论使用哪一种方式,你需要确保路由器能够成功连接到你,并且能够下载到文件,切记关闭防火墙

备注:这里 wget 无关文件名,所以后面刷写也没有引用文件,猜测是 telnet 里的 wget 会直接将文件写入对应分区,不存在文件系统也不用指定。

3.配置环境变量并刷写固件

按照教程配置环境变量

env set network.ipaddr 192.168.1.1
env set network.netmask 255.255.255.0
env set autoboot.disabled 0
env set autoboot.delay 5
env set autoboot.command "boot flash bank 0 0x0"
env save

通过 wget 下载固件,并刷写固件。

重点是注意flash命令的最后一个参数,应该跟下载时候的长度匹配(或更大)。

这里是最后两个 flash 命令中的 0xd00000 都要改成对应的固件大小。

wget http://192.168.0.254/firmware/dw33d-factory.bin
##### 注意显示的长度,0xd00000应该跟后续两个命令中对应位置的参数相同
#####-> Length: 13631488/0xd00000 (13MB) [application/octet-stream]
flash bank 0 erase 0x0 0xd00000
flash bank 0 write 0x0 0x80000000 0xd00000

举例说明:

breed> wget http://192.168.1.17:9991/openwrt-ath79-nand-domywifi_dw33d-squashfs-factory.bin
wget http://192.168.1.17:9991/openwrt-ath79-nand-domywifi_dw33d-squashfs-factory.bin
Connecting to 192.168.1.17:9991... connected.
HTTP request sent, awaiting response... 200 OK
Length: 31326208/0x1de0000 (29MB) [application/octet-stream]
Saving to address 0x80000000
​
[========================================================================] 100%
​
Transmission completed in 5.5s.

根据这个 wget 的结果来看,固件大小为:0x1de0000,修改也需要将两处均修改掉:

flash bank 0 erase 0x0 0x1de0000
flash bank 0 write 0x0 0x80000000 0x1de0000

刷写成功后,重启耐心等待即可,注意将网卡 IP 设置为自动获取。

reset

之后你就可以根据 openwrt web 中的升级固件功能,刷一些 squashfs-sysupgrade 类的固件。

错误解决

如果你遇到下面的错误,就是因为修改完环境变量配置没有重启导致的环境变量只读。

breed> envconf 0x6000000 0x20000
envconf 0x6000000 0x20000
Environment variable block has been successfully changed.
It will take effect after reboot.
​
breed> env set network.ipaddr 192.168.1.1
env set network.ipaddr 192.168.1.1
Environment is read-only.
​
breed> env set network.netmask 255.255.255.0
env set network.netmask 255.255.255.0
Environment is read-only.
​
breed> env set autoboot.disabled 0
env set autoboot.disabled 0
Environment is read-only.
​
breed> env set autoboot.delay 5
env set autoboot.delay 5
Environment is read-only.
​
breed> env set autoboot.command "boot flash bank 0 0x0"
env set autoboot.command "boot flash bank 0 0x0"
Environment is read-only.
​
breed> env list
env list
Environment is not available.
​
breed> env save
env save
Environment is read-only.
​
breed> env list
env list
Environment is not available.

刷机记录

只包含环境变量修改和刷写。

Boot and Recovery Environment for Embedded Devices
Copyright (C) 2018 HackPascal <[email protected]>
Build date 2018-08-05 [git-3fc5188]
Version 1.1 (r1226)
​
Starting breed built-in shell
​
breed> envconf
envconf
Usage:
  envconf [disable | <offset> <size>]   - Enable / disable env block
​
breed> envconf 0x6000000 0x20000
envconf 0x6000000 0x20000
Environment variable block has been successfully changed.
It will take effect after reboot.
​
breed> env set network.ipaddr 192.168.1.1
env set network.ipaddr 192.168.1.1
Environment is read-only.
​
breed> env set network.netmask 255.255.255.0
env set network.netmask 255.255.255.0
Environment is read-only.
​
breed> env set autoboot.disabled 0
env set autoboot.disabled 0
Environment is read-only.
​
breed> env set autoboot.delay 5
env set autoboot.delay 5
Environment is read-only.
​
breed> env set autoboot.command "boot flash bank 0 0x0"
env set autoboot.command "boot flash bank 0 0x0"
Environment is read-only.
​
breed> env list
env list
Environment is not available.
​
breed> env save
env save
Environment is read-only.
​
breed> env list
env list
Environment is not available.
​
breed>
​
breed> reset
Boot and Recovery Environment for Embedded Devices
Copyright (C) 2018 HackPascal <[email protected]>
Build date 2018-08-05 [git-3fc5188]
Version 1.1 (r1226)
​
Starting breed built-in shell
​
breed> env set network.ipaddr 192.168.1.1
env set network.ipaddr 192.168.1.1
'network.ipaddr' is set with value '192.168.1.1'.
​
breed> env set network.netmask 255.255.255.0
env set network.netmask 255.255.255.0
'network.netmask' is set with value '255.255.255.0'.
​
breed> env set autoboot.disabled 0
env set autoboot.disabled 0
'autoboot.disabled' is set with value '0'.
​
breed> env set autoboot.delay 5
env set autoboot.delay 5
'autoboot.delay' is set with value '5'.
​
breed> env set autoboot.command "boot flash bank 0 0x0"
env set autoboot.command "boot flash bank 0 0x0"
'autoboot.command' is set with value 'boot flash bank 0 0x0'.
​
breed> env list
env list
Total size: 131066 bytes / Free size: 130933 byte(s)
​
network.ipaddr=192.168.1.1
network.netmask=255.255.255.0
autoboot.disabled=0
autoboot.delay=5
autoboot.command=boot flash bank 0 0x0
​
breed> env save
env save
ath79-nand: block erase failure at 0x06000000
Environment variables saved.
​
breed> wget http://192.168.1.17:9991/openwrt-ath79-nand-domywifi_dw33d-squashfs-factory.bin
wget http://192.168.1.17:9991/openwrt-ath79-nand-domywifi_dw33d-squashfs-factory.bin
Connecting to 192.168.1.17:9991... connected.
HTTP request sent, awaiting response... 200 OK
Length: 31326208/0x1de0000 (29MB) [application/octet-stream]
Saving to address 0x80000000
​
[========================================================================] 100%
​
Transmission completed in 5.5s.
​
breed>
​
breed> flash bank 0 erase 0x0 0x1de0000
flash bank 0 erase 0x0 0x1de0000
Erasing flash bank 0 from 0h , size 1de0000h
[                                                                        ]   0% ath79-nand: block erase failure at 0x00000000
ath79-nand: block erase failure at 0x00020000
ath79-nand: block erase failure at 0x00040000
[>                                                                       ]   1% ath79-nand: block erase failure at 0x00060000
ath79-nand: block erase failure at 0x00080000
[>                                                                       ]   2% ath79-nand: block erase failure at 0x000a0000
ath79-nand: block erase failure at 0x000c0000
ath79-nand: block erase failure at 0x000e0000
[=>                                                                      ]   3% ath79-nand: block erase failure at 0x00100000
ath79-nand: block erase failure at 0x00120000
[=>                                                                      ]   4% ath79-nand: block erase failure at 0x00140000
ath79-nand: block erase failure at 0x00160000
[==>                                                                     ]   5% ath79-nand: block erase failure at 0x00180000
ath79-nand: block erase failure at 0x001a0000
ath79-nand: block erase failure at 0x001c0000
[===>                                                                    ]   6% ath79-nand: block erase failure at 0x001e0000
ath79-nand: block erase failure at 0x00200000
[====>                                                                   ]   7% ath79-nand: block erase failure at 0x00220000
ath79-nand: block erase failure at 0x00240000
ath79-nand: block erase failure at 0x00260000
[====>                                                                   ]   8% ath79-nand: block erase failure at 0x00280000
ath79-nand: block erase failure at 0x002a0000
[=====>                                                                  ]   9% ath79-nand: block erase failure at 0x002c0000
ath79-nand: block erase failure at 0x002e0000
[======>                                                                 ]  10% ath79-nand: block erase failure at 0x00300000
ath79-nand: block erase failure at 0x00320000
ath79-nand: block erase failure at 0x00340000
[======>                                                                 ]  11% ath79-nand: block erase failure at 0x00360000
ath79-nand: block erase failure at 0x00380000
[=======>                                                                ]  12% ath79-nand: block erase failure at 0x003a0000
ath79-nand: block erase failure at 0x003c0000
ath79-nand: block erase failure at 0x003e0000
[========>                                                               ]  13% ath79-nand: block erase failure at 0x00400000
ath79-nand: block erase failure at 0x00420000
[=========>                                                              ]  14% ath79-nand: block erase failure at 0x00440000
ath79-nand: block erase failure at 0x00460000
[=========>                                                              ]  15% ath79-nand: block erase failure at 0x00480000
ath79-nand: block erase failure at 0x004a0000
ath79-nand: block erase failure at 0x004c0000
[==========>                                                             ]  16% ath79-nand: block erase failure at 0x004e0000
ath79-nand: block erase failure at 0x00500000
[===========>                                                            ]  17% ath79-nand: block erase failure at 0x00520000
ath79-nand: block erase failure at 0x00540000
ath79-nand: block erase failure at 0x00560000
[===========>                                                            ]  18% ath79-nand: block erase failure at 0x00580000
ath79-nand: block erase failure at 0x005a0000
[============>                                                           ]  19% ath79-nand: block erase failure at 0x005c0000
ath79-nand: block erase failure at 0x005e0000
[=============>                                                          ]  20% ath79-nand: block erase failure at 0x00600000
ath79-nand: block erase failure at 0x00620000
ath79-nand: block erase failure at 0x00640000
[==============>                                                         ]  21% ath79-nand: block erase failure at 0x00660000
ath79-nand: block erase failure at 0x00680000
[==============>                                                         ]  22% ath79-nand: block erase failure at 0x006a0000
ath79-nand: block erase failure at 0x006c0000
[===============>                                                        ]  23% ath79-nand: block erase failure at 0x006e0000
ath79-nand: block erase failure at 0x00700000
ath79-nand: block erase failure at 0x00720000
[================>                                                       ]  24% ath79-nand: block erase failure at 0x00740000
ath79-nand: block erase failure at 0x00760000
[=================>                                                      ]  25% ath79-nand: block erase failure at 0x00780000
ath79-nand: block erase failure at 0x007a0000
ath79-nand: block erase failure at 0x007c0000
[=================>                                                      ]  26% ath79-nand: block erase failure at 0x007e0000
ath79-nand: block erase failure at 0x00800000
[==================>                                                     ]  27% ath79-nand: block erase failure at 0x00820000
ath79-nand: block erase failure at 0x00840000
[===================>                                                    ]  28% ath79-nand: block erase failure at 0x00860000
ath79-nand: block erase failure at 0x00880000
ath79-nand: block erase failure at 0x008a0000
[===================>                                                    ]  29% ath79-nand: block erase failure at 0x008c0000
ath79-nand: block erase failure at 0x008e0000
[====================>                                                   ]  30% ath79-nand: block erase failure at 0x00900000
ath79-nand: block erase failure at 0x00920000
ath79-nand: block erase failure at 0x00940000
[=====================>                                                  ]  31% ath79-nand: block erase failure at 0x00960000
ath79-nand: block erase failure at 0x00980000
[======================>                                                 ]  32% ath79-nand: block erase failure at 0x009a0000
ath79-nand: block erase failure at 0x009c0000
[======================>                                                 ]  33% ath79-nand: block erase failure at 0x009e0000
ath79-nand: block erase failure at 0x00a00000
ath79-nand: block erase failure at 0x00a20000
[=======================>                                                ]  34% ath79-nand: block erase failure at 0x00a40000
ath79-nand: block erase failure at 0x00a60000
[========================>                                               ]  35% ath79-nand: block erase failure at 0x00a80000
ath79-nand: block erase failure at 0x00aa0000
ath79-nand: block erase failure at 0x00ac0000
[========================>                                               ]  36% ath79-nand: block erase failure at 0x00ae0000
ath79-nand: block erase failure at 0x00b00000
[=========================>                                              ]  37% ath79-nand: block erase failure at 0x00b20000
ath79-nand: block erase failure at 0x00b40000
[==========================>                                             ]  38% ath79-nand: block erase failure at 0x00b60000
ath79-nand: block erase failure at 0x00b80000
ath79-nand: block erase failure at 0x00ba0000
[===========================>                                            ]  39% ath79-nand: block erase failure at 0x00bc0000
ath79-nand: block erase failure at 0x00be0000
[===========================>                                            ]  40% ath79-nand: block erase failure at 0x00c00000
ath79-nand: block erase failure at 0x00c20000
[============================>                                           ]  41% ath79-nand: block erase failure at 0x00c40000
ath79-nand: block erase failure at 0x00c60000
ath79-nand: block erase failure at 0x00c80000
[=============================>                                          ]  42% ath79-nand: block erase failure at 0x00ca0000
ath79-nand: block erase failure at 0x00cc0000
[=============================>                                          ]  43% ath79-nand: block erase failure at 0x00ce0000
ath79-nand: block erase failure at 0x00d00000
ath79-nand: block erase failure at 0x00d20000
[==============================>                                         ]  44% ath79-nand: block erase failure at 0x00d40000
ath79-nand: block erase failure at 0x00d60000
[===============================>                                        ]  45% ath79-nand: block erase failure at 0x00d80000
ath79-nand: block erase failure at 0x00da0000
[================================>                                       ]  46% ath79-nand: block erase failure at 0x00dc0000
ath79-nand: block erase failure at 0x00de0000
ath79-nand: block erase failure at 0x00e00000
[================================>                                       ]  47% ath79-nand: block erase failure at 0x00e20000
ath79-nand: block erase failure at 0x00e40000
[=================================>                                      ]  48% ath79-nand: block erase failure at 0x00e60000
ath79-nand: block erase failure at 0x00e80000
ath79-nand: block erase failure at 0x00ea0000
[==================================>                                     ]  49% ath79-nand: block erase failure at 0x00ec0000
ath79-nand: block erase failure at 0x00ee0000
[===================================>                                    ]  50% ath79-nand: block erase failure at 0x00f00000
ath79-nand: block erase failure at 0x00f20000
[===================================>                                    ]  51% ath79-nand: block erase failure at 0x00f40000
ath79-nand: block erase failure at 0x00f60000
ath79-nand: block erase failure at 0x00f80000
[====================================>                                   ]  52% ath79-nand: block erase failure at 0x00fa0000
ath79-nand: block erase failure at 0x00fc0000
[=====================================>                                  ]  53% ath79-nand: block erase failure at 0x00fe0000
ath79-nand: block erase failure at 0x01000000
ath79-nand: block erase failure at 0x01020000
[=====================================>                                  ]  54% ath79-nand: block erase failure at 0x01040000
ath79-nand: block erase failure at 0x01060000
[======================================>                                 ]  55% ath79-nand: block erase failure at 0x01080000
ath79-nand: block erase failure at 0x010a0000
[=======================================>                                ]  56% ath79-nand: block erase failure at 0x010c0000
ath79-nand: block erase failure at 0x010e0000
ath79-nand: block erase failure at 0x01100000
[========================================>                               ]  57% ath79-nand: block erase failure at 0x01120000
ath79-nand: block erase failure at 0x01140000
[========================================>                               ]  58% ath79-nand: block erase failure at 0x01160000
ath79-nand: block erase failure at 0x01180000
ath79-nand: block erase failure at 0x011a0000
[=========================================>                              ]  59% ath79-nand: block erase failure at 0x011c0000
ath79-nand: block erase failure at 0x011e0000
[==========================================>                             ]  60% ath79-nand: block erase failure at 0x01200000
ath79-nand: block erase failure at 0x01220000
[==========================================>                             ]  61% ath79-nand: block erase failure at 0x01240000
ath79-nand: block erase failure at 0x01260000
ath79-nand: block erase failure at 0x01280000
[===========================================>                            ]  62% ath79-nand: block erase failure at 0x012a0000
ath79-nand: block erase failure at 0x012c0000
[============================================>                           ]  63% ath79-nand: block erase failure at 0x012e0000
ath79-nand: block erase failure at 0x01300000
[=============================================>                          ]  64% ath79-nand: block erase failure at 0x01320000
ath79-nand: block erase failure at 0x01340000
ath79-nand: block erase failure at 0x01360000
[=============================================>                          ]  65% ath79-nand: block erase failure at 0x01380000
ath79-nand: block erase failure at 0x013a0000
[==============================================>                         ]  66% ath79-nand: block erase failure at 0x013c0000
ath79-nand: block erase failure at 0x013e0000
ath79-nand: block erase failure at 0x01400000
[===============================================>                        ]  67% ath79-nand: block erase failure at 0x01420000
ath79-nand: block erase failure at 0x01440000
[===============================================>                        ]  68% ath79-nand: block erase failure at 0x01460000
ath79-nand: block erase failure at 0x01480000
[================================================>                       ]  69% ath79-nand: block erase failure at 0x014a0000
ath79-nand: block erase failure at 0x014c0000
ath79-nand: block erase failure at 0x014e0000
[=================================================>                      ]  70% ath79-nand: block erase failure at 0x01500000
ath79-nand: block erase failure at 0x01520000
[==================================================>                     ]  71% ath79-nand: block erase failure at 0x01540000
ath79-nand: block erase failure at 0x01560000
ath79-nand: block erase failure at 0x01580000
[==================================================>                     ]  72% ath79-nand: block erase failure at 0x015a0000
ath79-nand: block erase failure at 0x015c0000
[===================================================>                    ]  73% ath79-nand: block erase failure at 0x015e0000
ath79-nand: block erase failure at 0x01600000
[====================================================>                   ]  74% ath79-nand: block erase failure at 0x01620000
ath79-nand: block erase failure at 0x01640000
ath79-nand: block erase failure at 0x01660000
[=====================================================>                  ]  75% ath79-nand: block erase failure at 0x01680000
ath79-nand: block erase failure at 0x016a0000
[=====================================================>                  ]  76% ath79-nand: block erase failure at 0x016c0000
ath79-nand: block erase failure at 0x016e0000
ath79-nand: block erase failure at 0x01700000
[======================================================>                 ]  77% ath79-nand: block erase failure at 0x01720000
ath79-nand: block erase failure at 0x01740000
[=======================================================>                ]  78% ath79-nand: block erase failure at 0x01760000
ath79-nand: block erase failure at 0x01780000
[=======================================================>                ]  79% ath79-nand: block erase failure at 0x017a0000
ath79-nand: block erase failure at 0x017c0000
ath79-nand: block erase failure at 0x017e0000
[========================================================>               ]  80% ath79-nand: block erase failure at 0x01800000
ath79-nand: block erase failure at 0x01820000
[=========================================================>              ]  81% ath79-nand: block erase failure at 0x01840000
ath79-nand: block erase failure at 0x01860000
[==========================================================>             ]  82% ath79-nand: block erase failure at 0x01880000
ath79-nand: block erase failure at 0x018a0000
ath79-nand: block erase failure at 0x018c0000
[==========================================================>             ]  83% ath79-nand: block erase failure at 0x018e0000
ath79-nand: block erase failure at 0x01900000
[===========================================================>            ]  84% ath79-nand: block erase failure at 0x01920000
ath79-nand: block erase failure at 0x01940000
ath79-nand: block erase failure at 0x01960000
[============================================================>           ]  85% ath79-nand: block erase failure at 0x01980000
ath79-nand: block erase failure at 0x019a0000
[============================================================>           ]  86% ath79-nand: block erase failure at 0x019c0000
ath79-nand: block erase failure at 0x019e0000
[=============================================================>          ]  87% ath79-nand: block erase failure at 0x01a00000
ath79-nand: block erase failure at 0x01a20000
ath79-nand: block erase failure at 0x01a40000
[==============================================================>         ]  88% ath79-nand: block erase failure at 0x01a60000
ath79-nand: block erase failure at 0x01a80000
[===============================================================>        ]  89% ath79-nand: block erase failure at 0x01aa0000
ath79-nand: block erase failure at 0x01ac0000
ath79-nand: block erase failure at 0x01ae0000
[===============================================================>        ]  90% ath79-nand: block erase failure at 0x01b00000
ath79-nand: block erase failure at 0x01b20000
[================================================================>       ]  91% ath79-nand: block erase failure at 0x01b40000
ath79-nand: block erase failure at 0x01b60000
[=================================================================>      ]  92% ath79-nand: block erase failure at 0x01b80000
ath79-nand: block erase failure at 0x01ba0000
ath79-nand: block erase failure at 0x01bc0000
[=================================================================>      ]  93% ath79-nand: block erase failure at 0x01be0000
ath79-nand: block erase failure at 0x01c00000
[==================================================================>     ]  94% ath79-nand: block erase failure at 0x01c20000
ath79-nand: block erase failure at 0x01c40000
ath79-nand: block erase failure at 0x01c60000
[===================================================================>    ]  95% ath79-nand: block erase failure at 0x01c80000
ath79-nand: block erase failure at 0x01ca0000
[====================================================================>   ]  96% ath79-nand: block erase failure at 0x01cc0000
ath79-nand: block erase failure at 0x01ce0000
[====================================================================>   ]  97% ath79-nand: block erase failure at 0x01d00000
ath79-nand: block erase failure at 0x01d20000
ath79-nand: block erase failure at 0x01d40000
[=====================================================================>  ]  98% ath79-nand: block erase failure at 0x01d60000
ath79-nand: block erase failure at 0x01d80000
[======================================================================> ]  99% ath79-nand: block erase failure at 0x01da0000
ath79-nand: block erase failure at 0x01dc0000
[========================================================================] 100%
Another operation is in progress
​
breed> flash bank 0 write 0x0 0x80000000 0x1de0000
flash bank 0 write 0x0 0x80000000 0x1de0000
Writing flash bank 0 into 0h from memory 80000000h, size 1de0000h
[========================================================================] 100%
Succeeded
​
breed> reset

引用参考

https://www.right.com.cn/forum/thread-5202135-1-1.html

https://www.right.com.cn/forum/thread-4080450-1-1.html

https://www.right.com.cn/forum/thread-4082088-1-1.html

發表評論
StudioEIM - 冒险者讲习所
0:00